A Comprehensive Guide to Commercial Mortgage Rates

  • 6.44% - 7.91%  |  Freddie Mac
  • 5.71% - 6.98%  |  Fannie Mae
  • 6.20% - 7.50%  |  HUD 223(f)
  • 6.80% - 7.50%  |  HUD 221(d)(4)
  • 6.62% - 8.20%  |  CMBS
  • 5.35%  |  SOFR Secured Overnight Financing Rate
  • 8.50%  |  Prime (Wall Street Journal)
  • 5.11%  |  US Treasury Bond (1 Year)
  • 239  |  CCRSI - CoStar U.S. Composite Price Index
  • 121.8  |  CPPI - Green Street Commercial Property Price Index

** Updated 6/5/2024 – Actual rates will vary based on property, market conditions, and sponsor qualifications.

Factors that Influence Commercial Rates

Several factors can impact commercial mortgage rates. Understanding these factors can help borrowers negotiate better terms and identify favorable lending opportunities. Here are some key factors to consider:

  1. Loan-to-Value Ratio (LTV): The LTV ratio represents the loan amount relative to the value of the property. Lenders generally offer lower interest rates for loans with lower LTV ratios, as they consider them less risky. A higher LTV ratio, on the other hand, may result in higher interest rates or require additional collateral.
  1. Creditworthiness: The borrower’s creditworthiness, including credit score, financial history, and debt-to-income ratio, plays a significant role in determining the interest rate offered. Borrowers with stronger credit profiles are generally offered more favorable rates.
  1. Property Type: Different types of commercial properties carry varying levels of risk. Lenders may adjust interest rates based on the property type, taking into account factors such as location, market demand, and potential for income generation.
  1. Loan Term: The duration of the loan can impact the interest rate. Shorter-term loans may have lower interest rates but higher monthly payments, while longer-term loans may have higher interest rates but lower monthly payments.
  1. Market Conditions: Interest rates are influenced by broader market conditions, including economic indicators, inflation, and the Federal Reserve’s monetary policy. Borrowers should stay informed about these factors to anticipate potential changes in commercial mortgage rates.

Understanding these factors and their interplay can help borrowers assess the competitiveness of commercial mortgage offers and make informed decisions about their financing options.

Types of Commercial Mortgages

Commercial mortgage rates can be structured in various ways, depending on the lender and the borrower’s needs. Here are some common types of commercial mortgage rates:

  1. Fixed-Rate Mortgages: With a fixed-rate mortgage, the interest rate remains constant throughout the loan term. This provides borrowers with predictability and stability, as the monthly payments do not change. Fixed-rate mortgages are particularly suitable for borrowers who want to lock in a specific rate and budget their payments accordingly.
  1. Floating or Variable-Rate Mortgages: Floating-rate mortgages, also known as variable-rate mortgages, have interest rates that fluctuate over time. These rates are usually tied to a benchmark, such as the Prime Rate or the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (SOFR). The interest rate can change periodically, typically in line with market conditions or changes in the benchmark rate.
  1. Hybrid Mortgages: Hybrid mortgages combine elements of fixed and floating-rate mortgages. These mortgages typically have an initial fixed-rate period, after which the interest rate becomes variable. For example, a 5/1 hybrid mortgage would have a fixed rate for the first five years, followed by a variable rate for the remaining term.
  1. Interest-Only Mortgages: Interest-only mortgages allow borrowers to make payments that only cover the interest portion of the loan for a specified period. This can provide flexibility in managing cash flow, especially for commercial properties with fluctuating income streams. However, borrowers should be aware that interest-only periods are typically followed by higher monthly payments that include both principal and interest.

Each type of mortgage has its advantages and considerations. Borrowers should carefully evaluate their financial goals and risk tolerance to determine which type of rate structure is most suitable for their needs.

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